The real historical account of what ninjas really were and how they operated in Japan over a thousand years ago can be difficult to find due to the limited amount of data available. Ninja teachers passed most of their knowledge to their pupils verbally.
Ninjas would infiltrate an enemy’s clan by acting as monks, civilians, physicians, and even servants. The information gathered was essential for clans to know if they were powerful enough to wage war against another clan. If they decided they were not powerful enough to defeat an enemy to gain power, they then worked to maintain peace and open diplomatic relations with their neighbors.
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The most common weapon for ninja, and also the samurai, is the sword. The difference though is the ninja’s sword is known as a ninja-to and is slightly shorter than of the samurai’s katana. They use it to slash a limb or any body part or stab an opponent to death.
Ninjas were trained in, and often took part in, espionage and guerrilla warfare. They were often called upon by various warlords and opposing parties to do deeds thatno Samurai could take part in such as assassinations. Through this background the ninjas developed a systematic approach to spying and sabotage. In fact because of this level of mastery the ninjas achieved, the word ninjutsu can almost be used as a synonym for espionage.
Judo (meaning “gentle way”) is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano . Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata,) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice. A judo practitioner is called a judoka.